Refugees have many worries and fears. They have to cope with many problems they did not have before becoming refugees. These problems may include lack of proper food and shelter, unemployment, and danger from bandits or warfare. Most refugees also think a lot about what they have lost and worry about the future, especially for their children.
Learn unit 5 mental health with free interactive flashcards. Choose from 500 different sets of unit 5 mental health flashcards on Quizlet. Measure health as a triangle, with each side representing different aspects of health: physical, emotional/mental, and social. High schoolers complete a self-assessment of their health in all three areas before scoring their progress. 2012 HECAT: Mental and Emotional Health Curriculum MEH-4. Check the box next to each mental. Mental and Emotional Health Standard 1: Knowledge Expectations, Grades 3–5. Standard Students will comprehend concepts related to health promotion and disease prevention.
Sometimes these worries and fears will overwhelm refugees. An event may occur that is finally too much for them to cope with. They may then develop severe emotional and physical complaints. Neither family nor friends can help relieve these complaints.
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A mild depressive illness is often associated with intense fear and worry. The work or school activities of people with such an illness are not seriously disturbed. They will ask for your help only after traditional healers or other medical practitioners have failed to ease their symptoms. They may also have tried drugs and alcohol and found that they have little effect.
The most common mental symptoms of this illness are:
- overwhelming fears and worries;
- muscle aches, soreness, twitching, feeling shaky;
- restlessness, getting easily tired;
- feeling keyed-up or on edge;
- easily being frightened by loud noises or sudden sounds;
- difficulty falling asleep or staying asleep;
- getting angry easily and complaining a lot;
- not being able to keep one's mind on work or play.
The physical symptoms of this illness are:
- rapid and irregular heartbeat;
- shortness of breath;
- sweating or cold clammy hands;
- dry mouth and a lump in the throat;
- dizziness and lightheadedness;
- hot flushes or chills;
- frequent urination;
- impotence or premature ejaculation.
Some people also have special problems such as:• Fits of fear (or panic), lasting from a few seconds to several minutes. They may include sweating, extreme nervousness, a choking sensation and a feeling that one is going to die or be harmed or go mad.
• A terrible fear of a common object or situation, such as knives, enclosed spaces, open spaces, cats, chickens or other things.
• A terrible fear of leaving home or being in public places.
How to identify people with emotional disturbances associated with intense fear or worry
1. Ask refugees about each of the above symptoms. Compare their major complaints with your list of the most common symptoms of emotional distress in the community. People with these emotional disturbances will have many of the symptoms.
2. Ask, 'Who have you already seen for help?' Contact these people. They are usually family elders, traditional healers, priests, doctors or nurses. Find out what they believe may have caused the person's illness and what they did to help.
3. Many physical diseases can cause symptoms similar to those of emotional disturbance. If there is no obvious social or personal cause for the symptoms, a person who has lost weight or does not respond to your help should be sent to a medical doctor or nurse for a physical examination.
Speed gear 7.2 download. 4. Find out if the refugee is depressed. How serious is the depression?
5. Find out if the refugee has a psychotic illness. If so, it is the most likely cause of these symptoms.
6. Find out if the person is using drugs or alcohol to treat these symptoms. Find out how much and for how long.
How to help people with emotional disturbances associated with intense fear and worry
1. Arrange for the medical doctor or nurse to diagnose and treat any physical illnesses, depression, psychosis, and drug and alcohol problems. Give as much help as you can. Give them any information you have and find out how you can help them.
2. Find out which personal and social events and conditions are causing the person's fears and worries. If the person agrees, talk to family, friends, the employer and the religious community about this. Try to persuade them to help the person solve the problems.
3. Do not make promises that you cannot keep. Some problems cannot be solved by anyone, including camp authorities.
4. Traditional healing and religious practices, such as prayer and meditation, can be very helpful. Send the refugee to a traditional healer or priest to see whether they can help, if this has not been tried already.
If a medical doctor is available to examine and treat the person:
5. Fears and worries can sometimes be treated by a medical drug such as diazepam in doses of 5-15 mg 2 or 3 times a day. These drugs may, however, make the person sleepy. The drugs can be dangerous if the person is working with machinery or driving. People can also become dependent on diazepam. Ideally the doctor should give the medication for no longer than one month. A person receiving diazepam should also start immediately with relaxation exercises (see Unit 2). After a few weeks the person will be able to relax and should not need the medication any more.
Remember that the best solution for this condition is to help refugees solve their own problems, often with help from relatives and friends. If this is impossible, help them live with their problems. Medical drugs cannot do this.
6. Those refugees with fits of panic, fear of common situations or fear of public places may be helped by the drugs used for depression.
Unit 2 Mental And Emotional Health
Sleep may be disturbed on receiving bad news about a member of the family
Unit 4 Mental And Emotional Health Services
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